dating advice almost daily - Dating disciples

“The picture of Jesus’ followers as simple, illiterate peasants is a romantic notion without historical basis.Unless it can be shown otherwise, it must be assumed that some of the disciples and / or their converts were capable of composing written traditions” (p. Next, Ellis notes that the Qumran community had no inhibitions about written commentaries and interpretations of sacred texts.Millard shows that Galilee was not an illiterate backwater.

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Key areas and cities in Galilee in the north match up well in Judea in the south, which has more evidence, since Jerusalem is the capital.

For example, coin hoards in Galilee reveal the need for records and the existence of robust trade, along the trade routes. The previous chapters [in his book] have shown the ubiquity of writing in first-century Palestine, the variety of writing material and scripts, and the range of circumstances in which people wrote. This is not to say the Evangelists began to compose the Gospels in Jesus’ lifetime, but that some, possibly much, of their source material was preserved in writing from that period, especially accounts of the distinctive teachings and actions of Jesus. 222, 223-24)(9) Birger Gerhardsson has done the most valuable pioneering work on the possible parallels between the rabbinic (Pharisaical) outlook and practices and the ministry of Jesus.

Byrskog writes: In fact even ancient scribes, who were among the most literate in their society, can be seen as performers, not merely copyists, of written texts, being deeply influenced by their oral culture in which they lived. 139-40, emphasis original) In the bigger picture, the disciples of Jesus would have breathed in, so to speak, this ethos or general character of the Greco-Roman world, particularly in the development of Q (material common in Matthew and Luke, but not Mark).(8) In this list of scholars so far, Alan R.

Millard did the most thorough study of reading and writing in the time of Jesus.

“If he attracted such followers, he must have been concerned to mediate his teachings – and they to have them – in their own language” (p. So this language need is a factor in producing early written documents in some form.

Ellis reaffirms this factor in a later article (1999, pp.

He also says that oral and written traditions were important for the earliest followers of Jesus.

Spoken or written traditions are not mutually exclusive.

The Q tradition, other saying collections, anthologies of short stories, parables, miracles, and the like could well have existed in written form” (p. Gamble takes up the topic of books and readers in the early church. Gamble points to Qumran texts in which Old Testament proof texts are compiled or strung together, so this provides the background for earliest Christianity to do the same (pp. “There is, then, at least a strong circumstantial probability that collections of testimonies [proof texts] were current in the early church and should be reckoned among the lost items of the earliest Christian literature” (p. In short, Gamble’s study demonstrates that the earliest Christians were attuned to the current exegetical and interpretive methods of their day.

Christianity grew out of Judaism, and the earlier religion valued literacy and the Book. Eventually, their skills made it into the written synoptic Gospels that we have now.(6) James M.

But instead of using that linked book, I cite Gerhardsson’s later one, which puts together key articles.

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